SPECIES DESCRIPTION
UMBILICUS RUPESTRIS

Family and Genus:- See- CRASSULACEAE

Common Names:- Wall pennywort, Navelwort.

Homotypic Synonyms:- Cotyledon rupestris.

Meaning:- Umbilicus (L) Naval, reference to the depression in the leaf surface
where the stem connects to the underside.
                  Rupestris (L) Of rocks, living in rocky places.                         
                
General description:- Herbaceous plant, very variable, medium erect perennial.

Stem:-
1) 20-50 cm, erect.

Leaves:-
1) Basal, orbicular, peltate, concave above, sinuate-crenate.
2) Cauline, progressively smaller, mostly reniform, dentate, the uppermost
    sometimes linear.

Flowers:-
1) Flowers 7-10 mm, tubular, usually pendent; raceme fairly dense, sometimes
    branched at the base, occupying more than the stem.
2) Bracts, usually linear, about equalling the pedicels, but occasionally large and
    leaf-like.
3) Pedicels 3-9 mm.
4) Sepals ovate, acuminate.
5) Corolla whitish-green or straw-coloured, sometimes tinged with pink; tube about
    4 times as long as the ovate, mucronate lobes.

Fruit:-
1) Carpels tapered to a fairly long style.

Key features:-
1) Corolla pale yellow, greenish or reddish, scarcely constricted at the mouth of the
    tube.
2) Stamens 10.
3) Flowers usually pendent; raceme occupying more-than the stem.
4) Corolla lobes ovate, mucronate.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Somewhat damp ledges in gorges, rocky places in open dry shrubby
vegetation, deciduous wood-land and olive groves. 0-1100 m.

Distribution:- Widespread and common throughout the Mediterranean. Somewhat
sparsely scattered across Crete.

Flowering time:- Apr-June.

Photos by:- Steve Lenton
Native to:
Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Great Britain, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia
 
GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION
Native