SPECIES DESCRIPTION
LONICERA ETRUSCA

Family:- CAPRIFOLIACEAE/Sect. CAPRIFOLIUM

Common Names:- Etruscan honeysuckle

Synonyms:- Caprifolium dimorphum, Caprifolium etruscum, Lonicera
celtiberica.

Meaning:- Lonicera (L) For Adam Lonitzer (1528-86) German physician and
botanist.
                  Etrusca (L) From Tuscany, the area of the Etruscans.
               
General description:- Climbing, deciduous sometimes more, or scrambling over
the ground.

Stems:-
   a) up to 5m.
   b) twining.

Leaves:-
   a) 3-8 x 15-5 cm.
   b) opposite, simple.
   c) broadly elliptical or obovate, obtuse or subacute at apex.
   d) covered with a waxy bloom (glaucous) or whitish-green and usually minutely 
       covered with soft hairs (puberulent) beneath.
   e) upper pair united at the base (connate), the next stalkless (sessile) or short-
       stalked (petiolate).

Flower:-
   a) from 35-45 mm long.
   b) bilaterally symmetrical.
   c) joined together by 6-20 in stalked terminal clusters.
   d) yellow to whitish with purple marks, very fragrant.
1) Corolla:
   a) 2 liped, upper, narrow tubed, lengthened at the base, without hairs.
   b) upper lip with 4 lobes.
2) Calyx:
   a) very short.
   b) teeth a little acute in their upper part.

Fruit:-
1) Berries:
   a) 8-10 mm.
   b) red when ripe.

key features:-
1) At least the first pair of leaves below the inflorescence connate.
2) Flower-heads pedunculate.

Habitat:- Open shrubby vegetaion, scrub, open woodland, hedgerows, banks and
roadside thickets. 0-900(-1600),

Distribution:- Widespread and common throughout the Mediterranean region and
Anatolia. Widespread and common on Crete.

Flowering time:- Apr-July.

Photos by:- Steve Lenton