LITHODORA HISPIDULA subsp. HISPIDULA

Family:- BORAGINACEAE

Common Names:- None

Synonyms:- Lithospermum hispidulum

Meaning:- Lithodora (Gr) Stone-skinned.
                  Hispidula (L) Slightly bristly.
               
General description:- Dense, rigid, somewhat scruffy and shy-flowering shrublet

Stems:-
   a) up to 1 m tall.
   b) branches, short, stiff.
   c) whitish-with close lying minute bristles (appressed-setulose).

Leaves:-
1) Lamina:
   a) up to 15(-20) x 45 mm (usually smaller).
   b) oblong-obovate to oblanceolate, obtuse or acute.
   c) leathery (coriaceous).
   d) dark green.
   e) appressed-setulose and with spreading stiff bristly hairs or rough with tubercles  
       above, strongly whitish-appressed-setulose beneath.
   f) margin. flat or more or less inflexed.

Flower:-
1) Cymes:
   a) 1- to 4-flowered.
2) Calyx:
   a) c. 7 mm.
   b) lobes appressed-setose.
1) Corolla:
   a) bluish-violet.
   b) glabrous outside
   c) tube, c. 12 mm.
   d) limb c. 10 mm diam, with short, rounded lobes.
   e)anthers 2 mm.

Fruit:-
1) Nutlets:
   a) ovoid-obtusely 3-angled (trigonous).
   b) white.
   c) with small, wart-like projections (minutely tuberculate).

Key features:-
1) Corolla glabrous outside.
2) Leaves up to 15(-20) x 45 mm, oblong-ovate to oblanceolate with a flat or slightly
inflexed. margin;
3) Calyx setose, c. as long as corolla-tube.

Habitat:- Rock crevices and rocky banks, generally in garrigue, pine woodland.
0-1200 m.

Distribution:- Endemic W. Crete, E.Aegean Islands& W. Turkey. Limited
distribution on Crete mainly in the south west.

Flowering time:- Feb-June.

Photos by:- Fotis Samaritakis
SPECIES DESCRIPTION