Family and Genus:- See- IRIDACEAE/Subgen. IRIS/Sect. SPATHULA

Common Names:- Yellow flag Iris

Homotypic Synonyms:- None

Meaning:- Iris (L) After Iris, the mythological messenger of the gods of the
                  Pseudacorus (Gr) False acorus Acorus = without-pupil. A name used
by the Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides  for an iris (its use in treating

1) 60-120 cm, slightly compressed, bearing several leaves.

1) Greyish- or pale-green, ensiform.
2) Basal, 50-90  x 1-3 cm, somewhat glaucous, with a conspicuous midrib.

1) 4-12, yellow, the lower on a long, peduncle, suberect.
2) Pedicels, 20-50 mm.
3) Spathes, 40-100 mm herbaceous, with membranous margins.
4) Hypanthial tube, 10-15 mm, narrowly infundibuliform.
5) Falls, 50-75 x 20-30 mm; with brown or violet marks; limb broadly ovate.
6) Standards, 20-30 x 4-8 mm, linear-oblong, shorter and narrower than the style-

1) Capsule, 40-80 mm, cylindrical, with a short beak.
2) Seeds, dark brown, smooth.

Key features:-
1) Leaves, not evergreen, not fetid; with conspicuous midrib.
2) Seeds, brown, shed soon afterd dehiscence.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- In or close to water, marshy ground, stream and river margins, lakes and
ditches. 0-200 m.

Distribution:- scattered throughout Greece. - Most of Europe. Restricted on Crete
to the north-west near the coast, for example near GeorgioupoIi.

Flowering time:- Apr to early June.            

Photos by:- Fotis Samaritakis