Family:- COMPOSITAE/Sect. VIRGINEA
Common Names:- None
Meaning:- Helichrysum (Gr) Golden-sun.
Doerfleri (L) Possibly for the Austrian botanist Ignaz Dorfler (1866-
General description:- Perennial tufted (caespitose) plant, covered in soft hairs.
Stems:- Decumbent or ascending from the woody base, covered with short, white
dense, matted hairs (tomentose). Flowering stems not more than 8 cm
Leaves:- White-tomentose. Stalk (petiole) with a swelling either proximal, distal or
both. Basal 5-10(-15) x 2-3 mm; oblong-spatula-shaped (spathulate); cauline leaves
numerous, the lower 20-30 x 2-4 mm, oblanceolate-spathulate, acute, the upper
Flowers:- Small yellow flower-head (1-)2-4, outer bract forming a cup or ruff
surrounding the base of a flower (involucral bracts) ovate, the inner lance-shaped,
becoming irregularly toothed (erose) or irregularly lobed or torn (lacerate) at the
1) Rosette-leaves 5-10(-15) mm; lower cauline leaves 20-30 x 2-4 mm .
Habitat:- Calcareous open rocky ground, often beneath spiny dwarf shrubs 800-
Distribution:- Endemic Afendis Kavousi & Mt. Bembonas. Rare.
Flowering time:- Apr to mid-July.
Photos by:- Steve Lenton
FAMILY AND GENUS DESCRIPTIONS
General description:- Herbs or shrubs.
Leaves:- Alternate, opposite or arranged in a rosette (rosulate), exstipulate.
Flowers:- Small (florets), hermaphrodite, functionally male, female, or sterile, in
terminal or axillary, usually stalked (pedunculate) capitula, surrounded by an
involucre of bracts. Capitula solitary or in corymbose, less frequently racemose,
inflorescences. Calyx-limb (pappus) absent or represented by a corona, auricle,
scales, stiff hairs (setae) or simple or softly feathered (plumose) hairs. Corolla of 3
main types: (a) tubular, with (3-)4- to 5-lobed limb, actinomorphic or rarely weakly
zygomorphic; (b) tubular, with a 2-lipped limb; (c) ligulate, with a short tube and the
limb prolonged on one side into a usually 3- or 5-toothed ligule; female florets
sometimes without a corolla or with a thread-like (filiform) corolla. Stamens 5,
united with the petals (epipetalous); anthers usually united (connate) into a tube
round the style, often abruptly ending in a long tail-like or appendage tip (caudate)
or arrowhead-shaped (sagittate) at base and with apical appendages. Ovary inferior,
single-celled (1-locular); ovule solitary, basal, bent parallel to its stalk so the
micropyle is close to the point of funiculus attachment (anatropous); style solitary,
with 2 stigmatic branches.
Fruit:- A cypsela (achene).
The length of the involucre is measured from the base of the capitulum. Pappus-
hairs are described as plumose when the length of the branches is at least 3 times
the diameter of the main hair but much shorter than it.
General description:- Herbs or dwarf shrubs, often lanate or tomentose.
Leaves:- Alternate, simple, entire.
Flowers:- Capitula small to medium, solitary or aggregated into compound
corymbs. Involucre cylindrical-campanulate to hemispherical; involucral bracts
numerous, imbricate, scarious, white or coloured at least distally. Florets yellow, all
tubular, the outer usually female, the inner hermaphrodite, more numerous; rarely
Fruit:- Pappus of rough (scabrid) or shortly feathery (plumose) hairs.
1) Capitula solitary or corymbose, rarely in dense clusters.
2) Female florets usually few, the hermaphrodite usually numerous.
3) Involucral bracts usually bright yellow, white or red.
Flowers:- Capitula solitary, terminal, or in a more or less compact corymb;
involucre much exceeding the florets; bracts white, at first erecto-patent, then
patent, the middle usually the longest.
Conservation status (for threatened species):-Vulnerable according to IUCN 1997.
Protection status (for threatened species):-Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.