ERYSIMUM CANDICUM subsp. CANDICUM

Family and Genus:- See- CRUCIFERAE

Common Names:- None

Homotypic Synonyms:- None

Meaning:- Erysimum (Gr) A name used by the Greek philosopher Theophrastus
(perinnial wallflowers).
                  Candicum (L) From Crete, Cretan.

Plant:- Small shrub 25-50 cm.

Stems:-
1) Erect; simple or branched up to 30 cm in flower, up to 60 cm in fruit; hairs divided
    at the tip in 2(-4) (usually equal) parts by a median cleft (2(-4)-fid).

Leaves:-
1) 20-120 x 3-13 mm, entire or with a few serrations, densely pubescent.
2) Petiole, much shorter than the lamina.

Flower:-
1) Raceme, of fragrant yellow flowers. The racemes elongate considerably during 
    fruit development.
2) Sepals, 6-8 mm.
3) Petals, 11-17 x 3-55 mm, pubescent on the back.
4) Style, 2-4 mm.

Fruit:-
1) Siliqua, 20-60 x 4-45 mm, somewhat compressed with a thin mid-vein on each
    valve.
2) Seeds, 5-6 x 3.5 mm. in 1 row in each loculus.

Key features:-
1) Petals, 13-22 x 5-85 mm.
2) Siliqua, terete, with a weak mid-vein on each valve.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Crevices of limestone cliffs, usually in semi-shade in gorges, (not on
maritime cliffs). 50-700(-1000) m.

Distribution:- Endemic to Crete. Limited distribution.

Flowering time:- Mar-Apr.

Photos by:- Fotis Samaritakis & Zacharias Angourakis
Status:-
Conservation status (for threatened species): Near Threatened (nt) according to
IUCN 1997 
Protection status (for threatened species): Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981
SPECIES DESCRIPTION