Common Names:- Small-flowered bugloss.
Meaning:- Echium (Gr) Viper, a name used by the Greek physician Dioscorides'
for a plant that was used to cure snakebite.
Parviflorum (L) Small-flowered.
General description:- Short to medium bristly annual or biennial.
a) rarely exceeding 40cm in height.
b) several or many ascending to erect.
a) with sparse to dense close lying (appressed) bristly hairs (setae).
a) 5.5-12 x 5-2.5 cm.
b) spatula-shaped to oblanceolate.
c) long-stalked (petiolate).
a) obovate or oblong.
b) uppermost stalkless (sessile).
a) 6-8 mm at full-flowering (anthesis), up to 15 mm with wide lobes in fruit.
a) 10-13 mm.
b) bell-shaped (campanulate).
c) pale or dark blue.
d) stamens 5. included.
a) 2 or 4, (rarely 1 or 3 by abortion).
1) All stamens completely included in corolla-tube.
2) Calyx 6-8 mm at anthesis, up to 15 mm in fruit with lobes 3-6 mm wide at the
Habitat:- Dry rocky and sandy habitats, fields, fallow and waste ground, roadsides,
occasionally on the coast. 0-600 m.
Distribution:- Few and scattered records in W Greece - Widespread in the
Mediterranean area, probably extending to W Syria. Widespread and fairly common
on Crete around coastal areas.
Flowering time:- Mar-June.
Photos by:- Popi Bormpoudaki and Steve Lenton