CYNOGLOSSUM SPHACIOTICUM

Family:- BORAGINACEAE

Common Names:- None

Synonyms:- None

Meaning:- Cynoglossum (Gr) Hound's-tongue, a name used by the Greek
physician Dioscorides' to describe the rough texture of the leaf.
                  Sphacioticum (Gr) Damaged-looking, of gangrened appearance.

General description:- Woody-based perennial.

Stems:-
   a) 5-15 cm.
   b) suberect, simple or branched above.
   c) hirsute.

Leaves:-
1) Cauline:
   a) linear-lanceolate. sessile.
   b) hairy on both surfaces.
2) Basal:
   a) oblanceolate.
   b) pilose on both sides and with deflexed hairs on the margins.
   c) greyish-green.

Flowers:-
1) Cymes:
   a) simple or forked ebracteate.
2) Calyx-lobes:
   a) c. 3 mm.
   b) oblong.
   c) hirsute.
3) Corolla limb:
   a) c. 5 mm, diam.
   b) deep blue to violet.
   c) tube, broadly funnel-shaped (infundibuliform).
   d) limb, as long as the tube or somewhat longer.
   e) lobes hairless (glabrous).
   f) scales crescent-shaped.
4) Stamens inserted in the middle of the tube.

Fruit:-
1) Nutlets.
   a) dorsal face 7 x 5.5 mm.
   b) ovate, convex.
   c) densely and uniformly beset with dense and unequal barbed bristles 
       (glochidiate), without a differentiated border.

Key features:-
1) Corolla 4-6 mm, without reticulate venation.
2) Perennial.
3) Corolla-scales crescent-shaped.

Habitat:- Dry, rocky limestone slopes and screes, rock ledges 1800-2300 m.

Distribution:- A rare local endemic of the Lefka Ori.
.
Flowering time:- May-June.

Photos by:- Fotis Samaritakis & Lucia Cortopassi

Status:-
Conservation status (for threatened species): Rare (R) according to the
Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece (1995) - Rare (R)
according to IUCN 1997
Protection status (for threatened species): Greek Presidential Decreev67/1981
SPECIES DESCRIPTION