Common Name:- Nettle-leaved goosefoot
Synonyms:- Anserina muralis, Atriplex muralis, Chenopodium murale.
Meaning:- Chenopodiastrum (Gr) Goose-foot.
Murale (L) Growing on walls, of the walls.
General description:- Herbaceous annual.
a) (3-) 10-90 cm.
b) usually erect.
c) often much-branched at the base.
d) branches ± between spreading and erect (erecto-patent).
e) lowermost subopposite.
f) yellowish to green-striate, rarely tinged red.
a) 1-8(-I0) cm long.
b) uppermost, lanceolate, sometimes entire.
c) blade longer than or equalling the stalk (petiole), thin to somewhat fleshy,
broadly triangular-ovate to rhombic, coarsely toothed (dentate) with slightly
incurved teeth, gradually narrowing (attenuate) to ending abruptly (truncate)
at the base, acute to obtuse.
d) olive-green, yellowish or tinged reddish, ± with a powdery covering (farinose);
a) terminal and axillary.
b) mostly leafy.
c) densely branching, (divaricately branched); branches short, with small, ±
densely arranged in a cluster of stemless flowers (glomerules).
a) hermaphrodite, sometimes female.
3) Perianth segments:
b) united (connate) below the middle, prominently keeled near the apex,
d) green or turning red, persistent.
a) prominently papillose.
b) firmly adherent.
a) 1.2-1.4 mm.
b) horizontal, roundish-lenticular, acutely keeled at the edges.
d) testa with conspicuous non-elongated pits.
1) Plant not smelling strongly of decaying fish.
2) Leaves often ± dentate or lobed, not at all 3-lobed.
3) Seeds with acute margins.
4) Testa with minute, very close, rounded pits.
5) Perianth segments with a prominent green or red dorsal swelling near the apex.
6) Pericarp firmly adherent.
Habitat:- Weed of gardens, ruderal habitats, ditches, streambanks and open
woodland. 0-400(-1000) m.
Distribution:- Throughout Greece, mainly in coastal areas, possibly native to the
Mediterranean region and SW Asia, now almost a cosmopolitan weed. On Crete
widely scattered around the coastal regions.
Flowering time:- Mar-Nov.
Photos by:- Zacharias Angourakis