SPECIES DESCRIPTION
CAMPANULA CRETICA

Family:- CAMPANULACEAE

Common Names:- Symphyandra

Synonyms:- Symphyandra Cretica

Meaning:- Campanula (L) Bell-like.
                  Cretica (L) Cretan, from Crete

General description:- Perennial with a stout woody stock.

Stems:-
   a) (15-)30-60 cm.
   b) flowering, few, simple.

Leaves:-
1) Basal:
   a) long-petiolate.
   b) blade 6-14 x 5-12 cm.
   c) ovate, cordate at the base, shallowly crenate-serrate.
   d) margins, with rounded teeth (crenate).
2) Upper cauline:
   a) much reduced. lanceolate, serrate. 

Flowers:-
   a) 3-10, subsessile or on short,stout pedicels in a unilateral raceme.
1) Calyx:
   a) lobes, c. 15 mm, linear-lance-shaped, without a deflexed appendage in each  
       sinus.
   b) teeth. linear-lanceolate, half as long as corolla, sometimes serrate.
2) Corolla:
   a) 35-50 mm.
   b) narrowly campanulate.
   c) purplish-blue to almost white.
   d) lobes, short and broad, patent to recurved, sparsely pilose inside.

Fruit:-
1) Capsule:
   a) with 3 valves close to the base.

Key features:-
1) Calyx without a deflexed appendage in each sinus, lobes erect, usually serrate.
2) Basal leaves cordate or reniform.

Habitat:- Grows on shady cliffs and steep, rocky banks, either on calcareous or
siliceous rocks, up to 1700 m.

Distribution:- Endemic to West Crete. with one recorded location from the east.
Rare

Flowering time:- June-Sept.

Photos by:- Fotis Samaritakis

Status:-
Conservation status (for threatened species): Rare (R) according to IUCN 1997.
Protection status (for threatened species): Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.