BIARUM TENUIFOLIUM subsp. IDOMENAEUM
Common Name:- None
Meaning:- Biarum (Gr) A name used by the Greek physician and botanist
Dioscorides for an arum-like plant.
Tenuifolium (L) With narrow leaves, slender-leaved
Idomenaeum (L) For Idomeneus, in Homer's Odyssey, King of Crete.
General description:- Low tuberous perennial.
a) 5-20(-40) cm x 3-15 mm.
b) linear to oblong or spathulate. ± appresed to the ground, margins wavy
c) with or without a distinct stalk (petiole).
a) female, zone c. 3 mm.
b) male, zone 6-8(-12) mm.
c) sterile, well-developed, numerous, mainly simple.
d) filaments, between male and female zones and also some (very variable in
number) above the male.
a) not more than 5 cm, underground.
a) 8-20(-30) cm.
b) oblong often recurved.
c) tube, 2·5-6 cm, cylindrical, whitish.
d) lamina, lanceolate or narrowing gradually to a point (acuminate), not hooded.
dark purple, tinged with green outside, 3-5 times as long as the tube.
a) slender, exceeding the spathe.
c) staminodes straight.
d) anthers obtuse, splitting to release the seeds (dehiscing) by lateral slits.
e) stigma sessile.
a) 4-5 x 2-3 mm.
1) Spathe not cucullate.
2) Tube not more than 1/3 as long as the lamina.
3) Sterile flowers present above the male, as well as between male and female.
Habitat:- Dry stony hillslopes, rock crevices, grassy places. 0-1200 m.
Distribution:- Cretan endemic with limited distribution. Rare.
Flowering time:-.Oct-Nov. rarely in late spring or early summer
Photos by:- Vangelis Papiomytoglou
Conservation status (for threatened species): Rare according to the Red Data
Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece (1995)