SPECIES DESCRIPTION
BIARUM DAVISII

Family:- ARACEAE

Common Name:- None

Synonyms:- None

Meaning:- Biarum (Gr) A name used by the Greek physician and botanist
Dioscorides for an arum-like plant.
                  Davisii (L) For Peter Davis, plant collector.

General description:- Low tuberous perennial.

Leaves:-
   a) appearing after flowering.
1) Lamina 15-3 cm x (5-)10-13 mm.
   a) ending abruptly in more or less a straight line (truncate) at the base; oval to
       elliptical, rather leathery, (coriaceous) deep green, sometimes with a wavy
       margin, often flat on the ground.
   b) with a distinct stalk (petiole) 2-4 cm.

Flowers:-
1) Flowers:
   a) female, 10-20.
   b) male, zone, 8-10 mm.
   c) sterile, sometimes present between male and female and above the male,
       but very small and few, and often absent. 
2) Scape:
   a) 3-4 cm, slender.
3) Spathe:
   a) 3-5 x 15-25 cm.
   b) the lower half tubular, swollen or bulging on one side (ventricose), the upper
       half forming a triangular, narrowing gradually to a point (acuminate), hooded
       (cucullate), forwardly-curved lamina.
   c) greenish-white spotted with pinkish-brown.
4) Spadix:
   a) appendix, slender, dark red, shorter than the spathe.
   b) anthers obtuse.
   c) stigma, stalkless (sessile).

Fruit:-
1) Berry:
   a) white or pale green, sometimes striped with purple.

Key features:-
1) Spathe strongly cucullate, with the tube about as long as the lamina.

Habitat:- Dry stony hillslopes, rock crevices, grassy places. 0-1000(-1400) m.

Distribution:- Cretan endemic with limited distribution. Rare.
.
Flowering time:-  Flowering in late autumn, Oct-Nov, without leaves.

Photo by:- Steve Lenton                    

Status:-
Conservation status (for threatened species): Rare according to the Red Data
Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece (1995)
According to IUCN 1997. - Rare.
Protection status (for threatened species): Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.