Common Name:- None
Meaning:- Biarum (Gr) A name used by the Greek physician and botanist
Dioscorides for an arum-like plant.
Davisii (L) For Peter Davis, plant collector.
General description:- Low tuberous perennial.
a) appearing after flowering.
1) Lamina 1·5-3 cm x (5-)10-13 mm.
a) ending abruptly in more or less a straight line (truncate) at the base; oval to
elliptical, rather leathery, (coriaceous) deep green, sometimes with a wavy
margin, often flat on the ground.
b) with a distinct stalk (petiole) 2-4 cm.
a) female, 10-20.
b) male, zone, 8-10 mm.
c) sterile, sometimes present between male and female and above the male,
but very small and few, and often absent.
a) 3-4 cm, slender.
a) 3-5 x 1·5-2·5 cm.
b) the lower half tubular, swollen or bulging on one side (ventricose), the upper
half forming a triangular, narrowing gradually to a point (acuminate), hooded
(cucullate), forwardly-curved lamina.
c) greenish-white spotted with pinkish-brown.
a) appendix, slender, dark red, shorter than the spathe.
b) anthers obtuse.
c) stigma, stalkless (sessile).
a) white or pale green, sometimes striped with purple.
1) Spathe strongly cucullate, with the tube about as long as the lamina.
Habitat:- Dry stony hillslopes, rock crevices, grassy places. 0-1000(-1400) m.
Distribution:- Cretan endemic with limited distribution. Rare.
Flowering time:- Flowering in late autumn, Oct-Nov, without leaves.
Photo by:- Steve Lenton
Conservation status (for threatened species): Rare according to the Red Data
Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece (1995)
According to IUCN 1997. - Rare.
Protection status (for threatened species): Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.