Common Name:- Greater burdock
Synonym:- Arctium majus
Meaning:- Arctium (L) Bear-like. A name in Pliny that refers to the shaggy hair.
Lappa (L) Goose-grass, referring to the burrs.
General description:- Erect biennial, with long, stout taproots.
1) 90-150 cm.
1) Large, broadly ovate, cordate at the base, ± entire, green above, grey-tomentose
2) Petiole, long, solid, pubescent to subglabrous.
1) Capitula, in corymbose clusters with peduncles 3-10 cm.
2) Involucre, 20-25 x 35-42 mm in fruit, globose in bud, hemispherical and widely
open above in fruit, shiny golden-green, glabrous or subglabrous.
3) Phyllaries, numerous, rigid, subulate with hooked apices.
4) Florets, all tubular, about as long as the involucral bracts; pinkish-purple with a
blue anther tube.
1) Achenes 6-7 mm, oblong, somewhat compressed.
2) Pappus 1·3-5 mm. with short pappus of free, scabrid hairs.
1) Involucre 20-25 x 35-42 mm in fruit.
Habitat:- Raparian woodland margins and ruderal habitats by villages 200-900 m.
Distribution:- Scattered on mainland Greece especially in the north, scattered
across the Aegean. A widespread Euro-Siberian species. Very rare on Crete known
from only one location in the west.
Flowering time:- June-Aug
Photos by:- Christopher Cheiladakis