SPECIES DESCRIPTION
TRIFOLIUM SUFFOCATUM

Family and Genus:- See- LEGUMINOSAE/Subgen. LOTOIDES/Sect.
LOTOIDEA

Common Names:- Suffocated clover

Homotypic Synonyms:- Amoria suffocata, Micrantheum suffocatum,
Microphyton suffocatum.

Meaning:- Trifolium (L) With three leaflets.
                  Suffocatum (L) Suffocating (the heads turning to the ground)
                            
General description:- Glabrescent, caespitose annual.

Stems:-
1) 1-3(-5) cm, procumbent, internodes rarely reaching 5 mm.

Leaves:-
1) Leaves long-petiolate, 10-60 mm.
2) Leaflets, 3-7 mm, broadly obtriangular, truncate, dentate at the apex.
2) Stipules, ovate, acuminate, scarious.

Flower:-
1) Heads, 5-6 mm, sessile, numerous, often crowded towards centre of the plant,
    rarely somewhat separated, then ovate.
2) Calyx, broadly cylindrical, 10-veined; sparsely pubescent at first, glabrescent;
    a) teeth, all as long as the tube, lanceolate or subulate, recurved;
3) Corolla, 3-4 mm, white;
    a) standard, a little shorter than the calyx.

Fruit:-
1) Legume, 2-seeded.

Key features:-
1) Stem, internodes rarely reaching 5 mm.
2) Heads, congested or confluent.
3) Corolla, shorter than the calyx.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Gravelly coastal habitats, patches of meadow in dry open shrubby
vegetation, roadsides, archaeological sites. 0-800 m. (-1400 m. in dolines).

Distribution:- Scattered in W Greece. - W Europe Mediterranean area and SW
Asia, eastwards to NW Iran and Caucasus. Fairly widely scattered on Crete, but
more so in the west.

Flowering time:- Apr to early June.

Photos by:- Giorgos Pantakis & Len Worthington