SPECIES DESCRIPTION
TRIFOLIUM LIGUSTICUM

Family and Genus:- See- LEGUMINOSAE/Subgen. TRIFOLIUM/Sect.
TRIFOLIUM

Common Names:- None

Homotypic Synonyms:- None

Meaning:- Trifolium (L) With three leaflets.
                 Ligusticum (L) Dioscorides' name for a plant from Liguria NE Italy.
                            
General description:- Decumbent to erect, sparsely pubescent annual.

Stems:-
1) 10-40(-60) cm, dark green, with sparse patent hairs, ascending or diffuse.

Leaves:-
1) All leaves altemate and petiolate.
2) Leaflets, 10-20 5-13 mm, broadly obovate, emarginate, without prominent
    recurved lateral veins.
3) Stipules, ovate or oblong, free portion lanceolate-setaceous.

Flowers:-
1) Heads, 6-15 mm, ovoid or oblong, often paired, then one axillary and long-
    pedunculate, the other terminal but laterally displaced and shortly pedunculate.
2) Calyx, 4-6 mm tube campanulate,10-veined, mouth narrowed by a ring-like
    callosity.
    a) teeth, setaceous from a triangular base, spreading in fruit.
3) Corolla, 3-4 mm, much shorter than the calyx, pale pink.

Key features:-
1) Heads, spicate, oblong, cylindrical or conical in fruit.
2) Stipules, entire or obscurely dentate.
3) Corolla, much shorter than the calyx.
4) Calyx-tube, obconical or campanulate.
5) Stipules, lanceolate, entire.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Damp to wet meadows, by streams and in open Castanea woodland 0-
800 m, mainly on non-calcareous substrates.

Distribution:- A few records from W Peloponnisos - Mainly in the W Mediterranean
area, extending locally to NW Turkey and Lebanon. Rare on Crete, currently known
only from the west of the Lefka Ori massif.

Flowering time:- End Apr to mid-June.

Photos by:- Thanasis Zachos