SPECIES DESCRIPTION
TRIFOLIUM CLYPEATUM

Family and Genus:- See- LEGUMINOSAE/Subgen. TRIFOLIUM/Sect.
TRIFOLIUM

Common Names:- None

Homotypic Synonyms:- Triphylloides clypeata.

Meaning:- Trifolium (L) With three leaflets.
                  Clypeatum (L) Having structures resembling circular Roman shields.
                            
General description:- Sparingly branched annual.

Stems:-
1) 20-40 cm, tall sparsely pilose throughout.

Leaves:-
1) Lower, alternate, the uppermost opposite.
2) Leaflets, 10-20 mm, obovate-cuneate, obtuse, shallowly denticulate.    
3) Stipules, large, ovate, those of the uppermost leaves. connate for most of their
    length.          

Flowers:-
1) Calyx-tube, 10 ribbed; teeth herbaceous, the lower longer and broader than the
    others, ovate-lanceolate.
2) Peduncles, 10-60 mm, hairs often appressed.
2) Corolla, 20-30 mm, much longer than the calyx, pink or white.
3) Fruiting heads, globose, 25-40 mm diam with persistent spreading accrescent
    calyces.

Key features:-
1) Teeth of the fruiting calyx erecto-patent, lanceolate or setaceous from a
    triangular  base, usually 1-veined.
2) Corolla, 20-30 mm.
3) Lower tooth of the fruiting calyx twice as long as the others

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Seasonally damp habitats in terraced olive and mastic groves, roadsides,
vineyards and ruderal habitats. 0-500(-900) m.

Distribution:- No Greek records outside of the Aegean area. - W & S Anatolia,
extending to Cyprus, W Syria and Palestine. Very rare on Crete currently know
from only one location near Istron bay in the east.

Flowering time:- Feb-May.

Photos by:- Courtesy of Wiki-Commons