GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED
Aristate:- With a bristle-like pointed axis.
Caespitose:- Tufted, growing in tight groups, the bases of individual plants
Capsule:- Dry fruit that opens when ripe. splitting from the apex to the base into
separate segments known as valves.
Ciliate:- Fringed with hairs - generally along the margin of a leaf, petal etc.
Glabrous:- Without hairs, hairless.
Filiform:- Thread-like; slender and parallel-sided.
Linear - Lanceolate:- Narrow, parallel-sided to lance-shaped:
Merous:- Having a specified number of parts: e.g. "pentamerous" = 5-merous
Mucro:- A sharp terminal point.
Mucronate:- Of or having a mucro; ending abruptly in a sharp point.
Mucronulate:- ending abruptly in a very short, stiff straight point.
Muticous:- Lacking a point or awn; blunt.
Obtuse:- Blunt, not pointed, ending in an angle of between 90 - 180o
Ovate:- Broad and rounded at the base and tapering toward the end.
Peduncle:- The stalk of an inflorescence or partial inflorescence.
Petal:- The inner perianth segments when they clearly differ from the outer.
Procumbent:- Trailing along the ground but not rooting.
Sepal:- A member of the outer perianth whorl in most flowers. The sepals
collectively make up the calyx.
Common Names:- Sea pearlwort
Synonyms:- Alsine maritima, Sagina apetala var. maritima, Sagina apetala
Meaning:- Sagina (L) Fodder
Maritima (L) Marine, growing by or in the sea.
General description:- Annual, usually glabrous. with or without a central rosette of
1) Main stem flowering, it and the numerous lateral branches varying from
1) Ripe capsule, equalling or slightly shorter than the sepals.
2) Seeds usually more than 0·4 mm.
1) Leaves, muticous or very shortly mucronate.
2) Seeds, usually more than 0·4 mm.
Habitat:- Usually in maritime habitats, occasionally by vernal pools or in damp
sand along roads and tracks up to 500 m.
Distribution:- Widespread along Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts, extending to
Norway, the Azores and Cyprus region. Scattered around the coastal areas of
Crete, not too common.
Flowering time:- Mar-May.
Photos by:- Zacharias Angourakis
Very variable, many local species and subspecies having been described. All
combinations of characters may be found, and it is difficult to make any useful