SPECIES DESCRIPTION
FIBIGIA LUNARIOIDES

Family:- CRUCIFERAE

Common Names:- None

Synonyms:- Alyssium lunarioides

Meaning:- Fibigia Meaning unknown.
                 Lunarioides (L) Resembling Lunaria

General description:- Much-branched perennial shrub or shrublet.

Stems:- 1-4, erect, rigid 10-30 cm, woody at the base, subcaespitose, with
numerous leafy shoots. Whole plant greyish-green, with a mixture of stellate and
longer, simple or forked hairs.

Leaves:- Basal oblanceolate to narrowly elliptical, margins entire or toothed and
uneven with rather deep rounded wavy undulations (sinuate-dentate); cauline leaves
several, oblong-oblanceolate.

Flowers:- Raceme not more than 5 cm in fruit; pedicels 5-15 mm. Sepals 7-9 mm;
petals 12-16 mm, lemon yellow.

Fruit:- Silicula 12-22 x 9-18 mm, elliptical to orbicular

Key features:-
1) Plant usually less than 30 cm, with numerous vegetative shoots at the base.
2) Sepals 7-10 mm.
3) Raceme less than 10 cm in fruit.
4) Leaves with lanate indumentum.
5) Silicula at least 9 mm wide, not more than twice as long as wide.

Habitat:- Crevices of coastal limestone cliffs, 0-200(-400)m also on small islands.

Distribution:- Not known outside the Aegean area, An Aegean endemic. On Crete
previously known only from the islands of Paximadia and Gianysada. Recently
(2020) discovered by Christopher Cheiladakis in the area of Heralion

Flowering time:- Mar-Apr

Photos by:- Christopher Cheiladakis

                         FAMILY AND GENUS DESCRIPTIONS

CRUCIFERAE

General description:- Annual to perennial herbs, rarely small shrubs.

Leaves:- Alternate, exstipulate.

Flowers:- Usually hermaphrodite, radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), the sepals,
petals and stamens inserted on the receptacle below and free from the ovary
(hypogynous). Sepals 4, free, in 2 at right angles to each other (decussate) pairs.
Petals 4, rarely absent, free, clawed, overlapping (imbricate) or contorted,
alternating with the sepals. Stamens usually 6, rarely 4, 2 or 0, tetradynamous (an
outer pair with short filaments, and 2 inner pairs, 1 posterior and 1 anterior, with
long filaments); filaments sometimes winged or with a tooth-like appendage.
Nectarial glands of various sizes, shapes, colours and dispositions around the base
of the stamens and ovary. Ovary of 2 united carpels, (syncarpous), with 2 parietal
placentas, usually 2-celled (bilocular) through the formation of a membranous false
septum by the union of outgrowths of the placentas, sometimes transversely multi-
celled (plurilocular). Stigma capitate to bilobed.

Fruit:- Usually a capsule splitting open to release the seeds (dehiscent) by 2 valves
from below, called a siliqua when at least 3 times as long as wide or a silicula if
less than 3 times as long as wide; sometimes indehiscent, breaking into 1-seeded
portions or not; rarely transversely articulate with dehiscent and indehiscent
segments; sometimes dividing at maturity into 1-seeded portions (lomentum).

There is great diversity in the form and structure of the fruit in this family, often
affording an easy means of identification, especially in genera which possess a
distinctive siliqua or silicula. The seeds are always inserted in 2 rows in each
loculus, but where the diameter of the seed is approximately the same as that of
the fruit they appear to be in 1 row, and are so described.

Many species in this family, especially among the annuals, are found in Europe
principally or exclusively as weeds of cultivation or as ruderals.

FIBIGIA

General description:- Perennials; hairs mostly stellate, rarely a few simple.

Flowers:- Sepals erect; petals yellow, shortly clawed.

Fruit:- Fruit a strongly compressed latiseptate silicula; valves flat, not veined; style
long; stigma more or less capitate. Seeds 2-8 in each loculus, winged.

Key features:-
1) Petals short-clawed; yellow or white
2) Silicula compressed