Common Name:- None
Synonyms:- Chenopodium pumilio
Meaning:- Dysphania Meaning unknown
Pumilio (L) Very small, low, small, dwarf.
General description:- Aromatic annual, densely glandular-puberulent throughout, .
Stems:- 10-40 cm, prostrate, generally many-stemmed.
1) Lower long-stalked (petiolate),
2) Upper short-petiolate to stalkless (sessile),
3) All shallowly pinnatifid with 2-5 broad, irregular lobes on either side ,
1) Inflorescence ± spicate with the flowers in small, dense glomerules,
2) Perianth segments 5, minute (c. 1 mm), free, rounded at the back, green or
suffused purple. Crustaceous and whitish in fruit.
1) Seed horizontal, 0.6-0.8 mm, roundish-lenticular, obtuse to truncate at the
edges, almost smooth.
1) Leaves simple, less than 3 cm, usually dentate.
2) Inflorescence terminal and axillary, composed of dense glomerules
3) Perianth segments not contiguous, turning white.
Habitat:- Loamy coastal flats, damp pioneer communities by roads and streams 0-
Distribution:- First reported from the Pinios river delta Greece by Bergmeier (1988:
40) and apparently spreading. Native to S Australia (1). Recently (2020) discovered
on Crete near the Aposelemis dam by Zacharias Angourakis
Flowering time:- May-Oct.
Photos by:- Zacharias Angourakis
1) Arne Stridd "Atlas of the Aegean Flora", book two page 229 (2016)
FAMILY AND GENUS DESCRIPTIONS
General description:- Herbs or rarely small shrubs.
Leaves Opposite or alternate, entire, without stipules (exstipulate).
Flowers:- Usually hermaphrodite, often in spicate or capitate, usually bracteate
inflorescences; bracteoles 2-5. Perianth almost always dry and scarious, usually 4-
or 5-merous; segments free or united connate at the base. Stamens 1-5, opposite
the perianth-segments and usually not exserted. Ovary superior, unilocular; ovules
Fruit:- With a membranous, rarely fleshy wall, splitting open to release the seeds
(dehiscing) irregularly, or opening by a slit running around the circumference
(circumscissile) (sometimes indehiscent).
CHENOPODIUM / DYSPHANIA
General description:- Annual, rarely perennial herbs, glabrous, pubescent,
glandular or farinose.
Leaves:- Alternate, flat.
Flowers:- Hermaphrodite and female, usually in cymes, variously arranged.
Bracteoles absent. Perianth-segments 2-5, more or less unaltered in fruit, rarely
becoming fleshy; stamens 1-5; stigmas 2(-5).
Fruit:- Seeds usually horizontal.
1) Flowers hermaphrodite, sometimes some female.
2) Perianth-segments equal.
3) Lower leaves elliptical to ovate or triangular.
4) Inflorescence of numerous dichasial cymes.
5) Plant without spinose branches, sometimes with spine-tipped leaves and bracts.
6) Leaves flat.
7) Plant with yellow or brownish glands or glandular hairs.