CREPIS TYBAKIENSIS

Family:- COMPOSITAE/Sect. NEMAUCHENES

Common Names:- None

Synonyms:- Crepis flexicaulis

Meaning:- Crepis (Gr) A name used by Greek philosopher Theophrastus.
                  Tybakiensis (L) For the locality in S Crete Timbaki (Timpaki).

General description:- Perennials.

Stems:- Several, up to 15 cm, simple.

Leaves:-
1) up to 7 x 1 cm, all basal, numerous, oblong to obovate-lanceolate,  
    subentire to pinnatisect.
2) Lateral lobes triangular, acute, remotely denticulate.
3) Terminal ovate-hastate, glabrous or with a few eglandular hairs.

Flowers:-
1) Capitulum solitary, shortly setulose.
2) Involucre 6-12 x 5-8 mm.
   a) outer bracts, lanceolate. c.1/3 as long as the inner.
   b) inner, linear-lanceolate, with eglandular and shorter glandular hairs
       or glabrescent.
3) Ligules yellow, reddish-purple on outer face.

Fruit:-
1) Achenes, fusiform, of 2 kinds:
  a) marginal 6-8 mm, strongly curved, the body equalling the beak, with densely
       spinulose, obscure ribs.
  b) inner 10-12 mm, the beak 2 times as long as the body and extremely
       slender, with 10 spinulose ribs.

Key features:-
1) Stems numerous, each with a single capitulum.
2) Achenes less than 12 mm.
3) Inner achenes 2-75(-9) mm.
4) Cauline leaves filiform, bract-like.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- In a variety of dry, open, rocky and stony habitats, dolines, etc. 0-1500 m.

Distribution:- Endemic to Crete and Karpathos. Widespread on Crete.
A report (2014) from the foothills of Mt Kerkis in Samos may cast some doubt on
this.

Flowering time:- Mid-Apr to June.

Photos by:- Zacharias Angourakis

Status:-
Protection status (for threatened species):- Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.
SPECIES DESCRIPTION