SPECIES DESCRIPTION
CENTAURIUM TENUIFLORUM     

Family and Genus:- See- GENTIANACEAE/Sect. CENTAURIUM

Common Name:- Slender centaury

Homotypic Synonyms:- Centaurium pulchellum subsp. tenuiflorum,
Centaurium pulchellum var. tenuiflorum, Erythraea latifolia var. tenuiflora,
Erythraea pulchella subsp. tenuiflora, Erythraea ramosissima var. tenuiflora,
Erythraea tenuiflora.

Meaning:- Centaurium (L) For the centaur, Chiron, who was said to have a wide
knowledge of herbs.
                  Tenuiflorum (L) With narrow flowers, slender-flowered.

General description:- Annual, without or with a weak basal leaf-rosette.

Stem:-
1) 15-25(-40) cm, with 5-9 internodes, branched above; branches strict.

Leaves:-
1) Cauline, 1-25 x 08-1 cm, ovate to elliptical, obtuse to subacute, increasing in
    length upwards.

Flowers:-
1) 12-14 mm, in a more or less dense dichasial cyme.
2) Inflorescence, of 2-90 flowers.
3) Pedicels, at least 2 mm.
4) Calyx, nearly equalling the corolla-tube.
5) Corolla-lobes, deep pink, entire at the apex. usually 3-4 mm.
6) Corolla-tube, not constricted below the limb.
 
Fruit:-
1) A septicidal capsule, valves remaining attached.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Saline coastal habitats, seasonally damp patches in dry open shrubby
vegetation, fallow fields etc. 0-1100 m.

Distribution:- Throughout Greece but rare in the interior north. - Widespread in the
Mediterranean area, W Europe and SW Asia to Afghanistan. Widespread across
Crete.

Flowering time:- Mid-Apr to early July.

Photos by:- Giorgos Pantakis