ANTHEMIS ALTISSIMA

Family:- COMPOSITAE/Sect. COTA

Common Names:- None

Synonyms:- Cota altissima

Meaning:- Anthemis (Gr) Flowery.
                  Altissima (L) The tallest.

General description:- Erect, robust, pubescent to nearly glabrous annual.

Stem:-
1) 20-120 cm, sometimes with subcorymbose branches.

Leaves:-
1) Ovate to broadly oblong in outline, 2- or 3-pinnatisect; ultimate segments oblong-
    lanceolate, mucronate.
2) Segments, patent.
3) Lobes, linear, mucronate-spinulose.

Flowers:-
1) Capitula, (20-)25-40(-50) mm in diam.
2) Peduncles, 15-4 cm at anthesis, up to 75 cm and somewhat clavate in fruit.
3) Involucre, hemispherical, finally round and umbonate.
4) Involucral bracts, outer, ovate-lanceolate, acute, without a scarious margin.
5) Involucral bracts, inner, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, obtuse and with
    hyaline or a brownish-scarious margin and apex.
6) Ligules, up to 20 mm.
7) Disk-floret, up to 20 mm in diam.
8) Receptacle, hemispherical; scales straw-coloured, oblong-spathulate, truncate or
    emarginate, contracted into a rigid point as long as the scale, longer than the 
    florets.

Fruits:-
1) Achenes 2-25 mm, obpyramidal-subcompressed, very narrowly winged, (7-)8- to
    10(-11)-striate on each side, those of the ligules triangular, those of the disc
     quadrangular; rim acute or a very short corona.

Key features:-
1) Branches erect to erecto-patent; involucre hemispherical
2) Peduncles clavate in fruit; acumen of the receptacular scales about as long as 
    the scale.
3) Receptacular scales abruptly contracted above.
4) Achenes with 7-11 ribs on each side.
5) Leaves 2- to 3-pinnatisect.

Click here for a glossary of terms used.

Habitat:- Cultivated and fallow fields. road embankments and ruderal habitats, 0-
1100 m.

Distribution:- Throughout mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, not recorded
from the Ionian islands. - Medilerranean area and SW to C Asia

Flowers:- April to mid-June. occasionally later in irrigated fields.

Photos by:- Giorgos Palimetakis
SPECIES DESCRIPTION